The Incas made many pharmacological discoveries. They used quinine to treat malaria with great success. Coca leaves were generally used as painkillers, and to alleviate hunger, although messengers Chasqui use them for extra energy. Another common and effective therapy was the wound bath with a still warm pepper bark cooking.
The Incas played music on drums and wind instruments including the flutes, pan flute, quena and trumpets made of sea shells or ceramics.
Art and craft
The Incas produced everyday artifacts adorned with images and details of gods. It was common in Inca culture to use abstract geometric shapes and represent highly stylized animals in the form of ceramics, wood carvings, fabrics and metal objects. They produced beautiful objects of gold and women produced fine fabrics with amazing designs.
The Inca food consisted mainly of vegetables, breads, cakes and porridge (notably corn or oats), and meat (baked or stewed), commonly caititus (wild pigs) and llama. Although the Incan diet was very varied, there were many differences between the foods consumed by the various sectors of society.
People of the people ate only two meals a day. The common dish of the Andes was the chuño, or dehydrated potato flour. Add water, pepper or salt and salt to serve. They also prepared the locro with dried or cooked meat, with lots of peppers, pepper, potatoes and beans. They still ate large amounts of fruit, such as chopped pear or tarwi. Corn was widely consumed and was prepared boiled or roasted.
The nobles and the royal family ate much better than the people. Inca's table could not lack meat, but it was scarce for the people. He ate llama, vicuña meat, wild ducks, puna partridges, frogs, snails and fish.
The meal started with fruits. Then came the delicacies, presented on a mat of braided reeds, spread out on the ground. The Inca settled into his wooden seat, covered with a thin woolen canvas, and indicated what pleased him. Then one of the women from his entourage served him on a plate of clay or precious metal, which he held in his hands while the Inca ate. The leftovers and everything the Inca had touched should be kept in a safe and burned soon after, scattering the ashes.
The Inca man wore a sleeveless tunic that came down to his knee and sometimes a small cloak. The Inca woman had several clothes that covered her completely and often wore leather sandals. In the colder seasons everyone wore long woolen cloaks over their shoulders pinned at the front.
The Incas liked to adorn themselves. The richer and more elaborate the fabrics, the more expensive and expensive, and eventually demonstrated the social level of the user.
The Incas wore their tribal-colored woolen caps that designated their origins.
Inca men wore far more jewelry than women. The richer wore gold bracelets and huge earrings, the bigger the earring the more important was the person wearing it. The warriors wore necklaces made with the teeth of their victims.