Historians, based on ancient documents, claim that Chinese civilization is over four thousand years old. These records attest to the condition of one of the oldest and most important civilizations in the world.
The earliest records of the Chinese people show their multiple formation marked by the influence of several villages that pioneered the territory and settled near the Yellow River. Chinese civilization was responsible for the creation of important inventions. Until the fifteenth century, the Chinese occupied a prominent position in intellectual and technological production.
They are the inventors of gunpowder, the compass, the first presses and medicine. However, in the Contemporary Age, the superiority of the Chinese Empire was shaken by contact with the European nations involved in the process of expanding the industrial economy. During the nineteenth century, imperialist action eventually established a series of conflicts that contributed to a new period of Chinese history. The Chinese then modernized their institutions and today occupy the category of world power.
China has been inhabited since prehistoric times. At the beginning of the Neolithic Period, farmers settled in the Yellow River Valley (Huang-Ho). By 3000 BC, there were already sophisticated farming communities in China. Around 1600 BC, the first Chinese dynasty - the Shang.
In addition to advanced agriculture, these people built wooden palaces and developed the manufacture of bronze and porcelain objects.
Few cultures arouse as much curiosity as Chinese. Archaeologists, historians, other scholars and tourists constantly visit the country in an attempt to unravel its mysteries. And mystery is not lacking in the history of this millennial people.
China is one of the oldest civilizations in the world, along with Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia, India, and Greece. Various objects invented in ancient China are still part of our daily lives: the game of chess, the parrots or kites, the compass, the porcelain, the gunpowder, the fireworks, the umbrella, the paper, the press. , medicinal products and techniques such as acupuncture.
The Chinese were known for their great health concerns. A proof of this is that in antiquity the medical school was much sought after by young people. According to tradition, if one received his body as a gift from his parents, it was his obligation to protect him from disease. Body exercises have always been highly valued by the Chinese as a way of keeping body and mental health in perfect condition.
There were exceptions to this rule, such as the widespread practice among Chinese of cutting off part of the body (legs, arms, etc.) for use in preparing a medicinal soup, which was served to parents when they became ill.