Carnival The biggest Brazilian festival is the carnival, which usually takes place in February, lasting three or four days, being famous and internationally known the celebrations in Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Recife and Olinda. Another important event is the New Year parties, celebrated on the beaches of Rio de Janeiro and Salvador.
Captaincy (or Donataria) A Captaincy corresponds to an overseas territory given by the king to a private individual (the donatary captain), generally belonging to the low nobility, whose main obligation was the promotion of settlement and the economic exploitation of that territory. Brazil, for example, was initially divided into 15 captaincies, each of which was handed over to a donee captain.
Byzantine Art Byzantine art had its center of diffusion from the city of Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, and developed at first by incorporating features from eastern regions such as Asia Minor and Syria. Byzantine art had its center of diffusion from the city of Constantinople, capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, and developed at first by incorporating features from eastern regions such as Asia Minor and Syria.
Archaic Period The Archaic period begins with the reunion of the genos in larger political units, called polis or city-states. In this type of organization there was no single government, each city state had its own laws, its government, its economy, and its own independent society. The government palace and temples were built on a fortified hill, the acropolis.
The contours of our country, as we see it today on a map, were not always the same. Note: To better occupy its South American colony, the Portuguese government decided to divide it into large swaths of land, which were called captaincies. At that time, the captaincies had very different contours from the initials and the Brazilian territory already had a layout close to the current one.
First, Zapata and Villa proposed the expropriation of the estates (including those belonging to the Church) for further division among peasants; the recognition of indigenous rights over the lands that had been taken from them and the nationalization of the lands of those considered enemies of the revolution.